EPS is produced through the heating up of water in boilers to produce steam, this is then used to expand the plastic beads and fuse them together in molds. This process has a very low impact on the environment due to the low overall atmospheric and liquid emissions. Additionally, this process has very low water consumption, most of which can be reused many times. Also, there is no solid waste produced during the manufacturing of EPS, if there was it could be used again since it is 100% recyclable.
Molded EPS is non toxic and completely inert. Its basic chemical makeup consists of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; elements found in wood and other organic materials. It is also completely absent of any nutritional value so no fungi or microorganisms can grow within EPS.
EPS does not damage the ozone layer since it does not use CFCs or HCFCs in the manufacturing process